Important Mosquito Species

Thousands of Speciesmosquito on a stick

There are roughly 3000 different species of mosquitoes worldwide, 68 of those species are found in Louisiana. Thankfully, only a few mosquito species are considered medically important and cause problems for humans on a regular basis. The following is a shortlist of the most common mosquito species that are medically important and cause nuisance problems in our area. This by no means includes all of the species that are present here in West Baton Rouge, just the most common species we deal with on a daily basis and that you are most likely to find around your home.


Throughout the description of various mosquito species below, you will often see abbreviated references to specific diseases such as:

  • California Encephalitis (CE)
  • Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE)
  • St. Louis Encephalitis (SLE)
  • West Nile Virus (WNV)
  • Zika Virus (Zika)

Additional Mosquito-Borne Diseases

Other important mosquito-borne diseases include Malaria, Yellow fever, Dengue, and Dog Heartworm.

Learn More

For complete information on each disease please check out our section on mosquito-borne diseases or visit the American Mosquito Control Association's article on Mosquito-Borne Diseases.

  1. Asian Tiger Mosquito
  2. Southern House Mosquito
  3. Woodland Mosquito
  4. Dark Rice Field Mosquito
  5. Malaria Mosquito
  6. Floodwater Mosquito

Aedes albopictus

Asian Tiger Mosquito

Aedes Albopictus, better known as the "Asian Tiger Mosquito" has become increasingly common in West Baton Rouge, mostly around the home. Most of the time when people call in and say they are getting bit by these "tiny black and white striped mosquitoes" this is the species to blame. Aedes Albopictus primarily is a container breeder and likes to live around your home, which means you'll find them breeding in things like:

  • Abandoned Fish Ponds
  • Bird Baths
  • Buckets
  • Cans
  • Clogged Gutters
  • Kid's Toys
  • Pet Dishes
  • Tires
  • Wheelbarrows

Flight Range

The Asian Tiger Mosquito has a very short flight range (less than several hundred feet) which means if you are having a problem with these mosquitoes, they are likely breeding around your home or a neighbors house nearby. This mosquito is a potential vector of West Nile Virus, Saint Louis Encephalitis, Eastern Equine Encephalitis, and Zika Virus. Aedes Albopictus also is a capable vector of Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, and Dog Heart Worm.


You the public can play a major role in the control of this mosquito, probably more so than with any other species. By making sure that:

  • All containers around the home are emptied
  • Birdbaths are flushed at least once a week
  • Fish ponds are populated or have an operational fountain
  • Gutters kept clean
  • Old tires are properly disposed of
  • Potted plant drip trays are filled with sand or gravel